Technical Assistance: Behavior Supports and Guidance for Students with Disabilities

All students, whether in general education or special education, may demonstrate challenging behaviors. Educators are better equipped to address the needs of every student in their classroom when effective school-wide systems of support are in place for all students, not just for those in a particular subgroup. This technical assistance guide covers ways to prevent challenging behavior, functional behavior assessment (FBA), behavior intervention plans (BIPs), manifestation determination review (MDR), and protections for students not yet determined eligible for special education. Additionally, this guide outlines state and federal requirements regarding prohibited aversive techniques, placement, and school discipline while also providing options for appealing a disciplinary decision.